Acne is a very common skin disease. It is frequently associated with the teenage years, but adults can have acne as well. The face, back, chest, shoulders and neck are areas of the body where acne usually appears. In order to effectively treat it, it is helpful to understand some of the causes.

Hormonal Changes

Changes in hormone levels can contribute to the development of acne; as a result, many people have acne during adolescence when their bodies are changing. When women are pregnant, ovulation, menstruation and going through menopause, there are a lot of hormonal changes occurring. They may be more likely to have an outbreak of acne during these events.  Some dermatologists recommend limiting milk consumption or stopping it altogether due to it containing several components that are similar to the hormone testosterone. 

Unhealthy Habits

Certainly types of foods are more likely to contribute to acne. They include greasy food such as French fries, potato chips and fried chicken. Diets with lots of sugar have also been linked to acne. Another unhealthy habit that may contribute to the development of acne is not getting enough sleep.  Students that are skipping sleep to study can be prone to an outbreak. People who are under a lot of stress due to losing a job, a sick relative or an imminent big exam may be more inclined to indulge in these unhealthy habits.

Too Much Sun

Too much sun can also contribute to acne. It may seem like sun exposure would be a good way to combat acne since it can dry out skin. However, when skin is dry the body produces more oil to compensate, which may bring on an acne outbreak. Excessive sun can also result in sunburn and skin irritation which may inflame existing acne and cause a new outbreak.  
Identifying potential causes of acne can assist in the development of an effective treatment plan.