Hyperpigmentation results in the darkening of skin in regions where there is excess production of melanin. The chemical is a pigment which is responsible for giving the skin its color. While the condition is not life threatening and very common across all ethnic groups, it can be very annoying for cosmetic reasons. Hyperpigmentation is usually caused due to excess exposure to the Sun. It can also be a result of burns, acne, skin injuries or through the side effects from various drug treatments.

 

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

 

Melasma

This condition is usually caused due to fluctuations in hormonal levels in the body. Melasma could be a result of thyroid deficiency, pregnancy, hormone replacement treatment or through the use of birth control medications. This condition is known to affect up to 6 million women in the United States at any given time.

 

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

This often results from skin infections that have been caused by burns, acne, psoriasis, and even skin friction related injuries. The skin blemishes however show signs of fading upon regeneration of skin cell tissues. This could take few weeks or several months depending on the extent of PIH and other factors. On the bright side, PIH patients respond quite well to comprehensive skin care treatments. 

 

Lentigines

These are commonly referred to as age spots or liver spots and usually occur with ageing. They are more prominent with people of lighter skin tones and are found in 90 per cent of individuals above the age of 60. Although it should be noted that the condition is not a direct result of ageing but due to excess exposure from UV rays. These rays are known to stimulate the production of melanin cells especially in regions of the face where their concentration is denser.

 

 

Treatment

Hyperpigmentation is usually more difficult to treat than other skin related conditions. There are however many treatments available that can work wonders to help lighten its appearance on the skin. You can use special creams and lotions to treat affected areas.